Disaster Management-01

Cyclones & Floods


Cyclone is a violent rotating windstorm. It happens when rapid inward circulation of air masses about a low pressure center. It circles counterclockwise in the northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the southern.

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A condition of abnormally great flow of water usually occurs in a river.

How to manage Cyclones & Floods?

People who generally live near seashores and riverbanks should thoroughly understand how to meet these disasters.  

No one can prevent these seasonal phenomenon. But now we can predict the possibilities of cyclones and floods with the help of modern technical advancement.

The people who live in and near the affected areas should prepare themselves with necessary precautionary measures.

What to do when you live in a cyclone or flood affected area?

Strengthen the walls of the house, roofing, doors and windows wherever necessary.

Listen to weather reports during the disaster.

When you get a cyclone warning, store adequate drinking water and food grains in waterproof bags.

Keep an emergency kit with necessary food, money, important items, telephone numbers ready at home.

Close doors and windows and stay inside.

Do not venture outside especially into the sea.

The nearest safe and strong place could be sought for refuge in the worst case.

Do not go out if the cyclone wind suddenly drops. Wait till the all clear declaration is made officially.

Listen to the latest weather updates.

Take necessary precautions even after the announcement of ‘all clear’ situation. There may be partially uprooted trees or poles.

Do not enter flood waters. They may be too deep.

Look out for snakes that may have come out of their holes.

What to do when you are in a vehicle while cyclone strikes?

  • Stop the vehicle.
  • Keep away from the seashore, trees, electric poles and other objects that may be uprooted during the gale.
  • After all clear condition also be watchful of partially uprooted poles and trees.

What to do During Floods?

Keep your food covered.

Don’t eat too much.

Do not let children remain on empty stomach.

Do not eat food if it got wet in the flood waters.

Try to drink boiled water.

During diarrhea use raw tea, rice water, tender coconut water etc.

Disinfect the surroundings by using bleaching powder and lime.

Try to avoid entering flood waters.

If needed, wear proper protection for your feet and check depth and current with a stick.

Stay away from water over knee-deep depth.

Try to purify water before drinking by taking certain measures such as using halogen tablets.

Snakebites are common during floods. So take care of yourself and be careful of snakes.

What to do when you need to Evacuate?

  • Pack essential medication, clothing, valuables, personal stuff, etc. in water-proof bags.
  • Put furniture, clothing, appliances on beds or tables Electrical devices at the highest place.
  • Turn off power.
  • To prevent sewage back-flow put sandbags in the toilet bowl and cover all drain holes whether you evacuate or not.
  • Lock your house and take the recommended or known evacuation routes from your area to the safe-shelter.
  • Do not get into water of unknown depth and current.

Social Responsibility:

  1. Everyone can play a very significant role during these disasters to their capacity and condition.
  2. Spread awareness about the all the necessary precautions to be taken during these disasters.

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