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Human rights enable us to respect each other and live with each other.
People all over the world have been concerned with human rights. Human rights have evolved over many centuries. They were widely recognized, accepted and expanded in the twentieth century.
All children, women and men have human rights which entitle them to live with dignity, with true worth, or with self-respect.
There are 30 human rights and they are contained in a document called The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), which was created in 1948 by the United Nations.
These rights are sometimes guaranteed or promised by laws passed by governments.
All these rights in every aspect of life can be categorised as –
Civil and Political rights
Social and cultural rights
In this video let’s briefly discuss these four categories.
What are Civil and political rights of a person in modern society?
- The right to life
- No discrimination based on gender, colour, religion, language or caste
- The right to freedom from slavery
- The right to freedom from arbitrary arrest
- The right to free speech
- The right to vote
What are Economic rights?
- The right to work
- The right to food
- The right to shelter
- The right to medical care
- The right to equal pay for equal work for men and women
What are Social and cultural rights?
- The right to freedom of religion and belief
- The right to a clean environment
- The right to form trade unions
- The right to property
- The right to marry
What are Children’s rights?
- The right to education
- The right to health services
- The right not to be separated from the child’s parents
- The right to an adequate standard of living
- The right to protection against exploitation
In the next video we shall further discuss in detail of all these 30 rights under the title of UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights).